Brian Zinchuk is editor and owner of Pipeline Online
For the second time in 16 hours, the Alberta Electric System Operator (AESO) declared a “grid alert,” as that province’s grid came under threat of being overloaded. It was the fourth grid alert issued in the month of December, so far.
In a tweet put out Wednesday morning, the AESO said, “Continued extreme cold weather, high electricity demand, and an unplanned outage has prompted the AESO to declare a Grid Alert at 8:25 a.m. Find information on Grid Alerts here Grid Alerts & Electricity Conservation » AESO.”
Continued extreme cold weather, high electricity demand, and an unplanned outage has prompted the AESO to declare a Grid Alert at 8:25 a.m. Find information on Grid Alerts here Grid Alerts & Electricity Conservation » AESO
— AESO (@theAESO) December 21, 2022
Notably, the Keephills natural gas-fired power plant, with a 463 megawatt capacity, was producing zero power.
What the AESO did not say is that at the moment the grid alert was declared, the province’s 3,618 megawatts of wind power generation capacity was putting out just 115 megawatts, or 3.2 per cent of capacity.
By 10:43, the province’s dispatchable contingency reserve for natural gas had been maxed out. Momentarily, there was zero additional natural gas capacity that could be called upon to fill in as needed. But a minute later, that number came back to 66 megawatts. And the province was importing 765 megawatts of power.
At this moment 91.3% of Alberta's electricity is being produced by fossil fuels. Wind is at 3.2% of capacity and producing 1.0% of total generation, while solar is at 0.0% of capacity and producing 0.00% of total generation. At the same time we are importing 633 MW or 5% pic.twitter.com/KNyeDQ0Z7n
— Reliable AB Energy (@ReliableAB) December 21, 2022
And being the shortest day of the year on the winter solstice, solar was putting out zero megawatts at that moment, out of 1,138 megawatts nameplate capacity.
But the internal load was 11,745 megawatts, not far off the record of 12,187 set on Monday at supper time.
Wednesday morning, the entire province, from Zama to Coutts, was under an extreme cold warning from Environment Canada, causing demand to go up while wind turbines shut down at anything below -30 C. By 9:52 a.m., 27 of 36 wind farms were producing zero power, and the remaining nine were producing a total of 157 megawatts.
The grid alert was called off at 12:38 p.m. Pool power prices remained maxed out at $1000 per megawatt for three hours. That’s the maximum prices allowed on the system.
We’ve returned to normal grid conditions and will issue an update if anything changes. A big thank you to our System Controllers who work hard to maintain grid reliability 24/7, deftly balancing our electricity system in challenging conditions like we’ve experienced this week. pic.twitter.com/Y2l69sDXPH
— AESO (@theAESO) December 21, 2022
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